New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area. The city is referred to as New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part. To some it is affectionately known as ‘the Big Apple’ or the ‘City that Never Sleeps’. When it comes to ethnic and linguistic diversity it is second only to London. New York exerts a significant global impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. The home of the United Nations Headquarters, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
For all the supposed glitz and glamour of parts of Manhattan, in many respects it is a decidedly edgy city, one that exudes self-confidence whilst at the same time having pockets of real neglect and deprivation. It is a city of contrasts, one that sees people marveling at the opulence and sheer size of Grand Central Station and being shocked by the dated and decrepit nature of the New York subway. For all that, films and television have ensured a sense of the familiar about the place, and even the most cynical cannot help finding something to like about a city that hustles and swaggers so effortlessly.